As a general remark, the Measles were mild, while on the contrary, the Mumps were almost invariably severe, and frequently attended with metastasis to the testicles. Some cases of the latter were attended with enormous swelling and high inflammatory excitement, requiring the lancet and other antiphlogistic remedies. … As a local application to the scrotum none appeared to afford so much relief, as wheat bran wet with a solution of acetate of lead in vinegar — or with vinegar alone — applied by means of a bandage around the hips, in such a manner as to support the testicle — as its own weight, without such support, was of itself tormenting.

“Bad symptoms – a quick pulse – a difficulty in purring – a hoarse mew – decidedly mumps. Recipe some mouse tail soup”

–III. Measles and Mumps in Combination
Western Journal of the Medical & Physical Sciences, Vol. 7 (1834)
Printed and Published Quarterly, at the Chronicle Office, by E. Deming
Cincinnati, Ohio

During the past winter at Camp Lee we have been afforded a rare opportunity of studying mumps in adults. Nine cases of cerebral complications in frank cases of mumps have been encountered and have been made the subject of a special report by Lieut. R.L. Haden, who has had the supervision of the Contagious Disease Service.

These cases were characterized by the occurrence, during an attack of mumps, of increased temperature, headache, vomiting, and frequently evidence of cerebral disturbance, as stupor, delirium, etc.

By Tasker Howard
The American Journal of the Medical Sciences, Vol. CLVIII, pp. 685-689 (1919)
Lea and Ferbiger, Philadelphia and New York

As a military problem, mumps frequently occurs in men between 21 and 31 years. In the soldier and sailor the infection is dreaded because it is disabling and unmanageable. In 1918 there were 5,756 cases of mumps among 18,000 men at Camp Wheeler, an incidence of 32 per cent. … Orchitis is a frequent and painful complication and when both testicles are involved may cause sterility. Other complications are: great prostration; a tendency to develop mania, or wild delirium, or a comatose state resembling uremia; meningism, mastitis, otitis media, tonsillitis, and pneumonia also occur.

Preventive Medicine and Hygiene, 4th Edition
Milton J. Roseneau
D. Appleton & Company, New York & London, 1921

In an article in this issue of the Journal, Kutty et al [8] assist us in our understanding of the true levels of immunity against mumps in the United States. … As the study demonstrated, the calculated seroprevalence of antibodies to mumps virus in 6–49-year-old Americans is only ~90%, which is below the estimated 92% needed for mumps control (ie, herd immunity).

Quinlisk, M. (2010). Mumps Control Today. The Journal of Infectious Diseases DOI: 10.1086/655395