Rinderpeste (1880)

RINDERPEST. Lips and gums, showing apthous condition1

1711 (via 1902):

Rinderpest is the most fatal disease affecting cattle. … The first great epizootic of which there seems to be records occurred about 1709 and spread over nearly all of the countries of Europe. It is reported that 1,500,000 cattle died from its effects during the years from 1711 to 1714. 2

1839 (via 1861):

Previously to the present century the only well recognized epizootics that are known to have prevailed extensively among horned cattle in Europe were the Eczema Epizootica, or “mouth and foot disease”, a complaint well known in England since the year 1839, and the terrible Rinderpest or Steppe murrain.

This last named disease, which is described as being of the nature of a highly infections typhus fever, terminating in dysentary, is said to be indigenous to the Steppes of Tartary and Siberia, from whence it has descended, from time to time, upon Russia, Germany, and other European countries.

It has been estimated that during the eighteenth century the Rinderpest destroyed, in Europe, as many as two hundred millions of cattle.3

1865 (via 1880) :

In 1865 the plague appeared in Holland, and was carried thence to England. In both countries the disease carried off one hundred thousand head of cattle in the course of a few months.4

1889 (via 1909):

About the year 1889, or shortly before, a virulent form of rinderpest started among the domestic cattle and wild buffalo almost at the northern border of the buffalo’s range, and within the next few years worked gradually southward to beyond the Zambesi. It wrought dreadful havoc among the cattle and in consequence decimated by starvation many of the cattle-owning tribes; it killed many of the large bovine antelopes, and it wellnigh exterminated the buffalo.5


14 October 2010, Rome – An ambitious global effort that has brought rinderpest, a deadly cattle plague, to the brink of extinction is ending all field activities, paving the way for official eradication of the disease.6

  1. Contagious Diseases of Domestic Animals. Department of Agriculture. Washington. Government Printing Office. 1880[]
  2. The Pathology and Differential Diagnosis of Contagious Diseases of Animals. Veranus Alva Moore. Taylor and Carpenter. Ithaca, N.Y. 1902[]
    Washington. Government Printing Office. 1861[]
  4. Cattle Plague or Rinderpeste. A history of the Disease. in: Report of the C0mmissioner of Agriculture for the year 1879. Washington. Government Printing Office. 1880[]
  5. African Game Trails. Theodore Roosevelt. Charles Scribners’ Sons. 1909[]
  6. FAO Media Office[]