“Number of deaths per 1000 deaths from known causes” — US Census Office, 1898

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Top tow, from left: Consumption (scale goes up to “135 and over per 1000 deaths”), diphteria (50 and over), cancer and tumors (30+), whooping cough (14+);

Middle row: Pneumonia (105+), croup (20+), malarial fever (80+), scarlet fever (11+);

Bottom row: Diarrheal diseases (100+), typhoid fever (50+), measles (20+), heart disease and dropsy (80+).

From davidrumsey.com.